On hearing the name of supercomputers, we would come to the image of those huge, very large and overheating machines which are famous for doing the most fast calculating in the world, which took huge amount of space for computation after computation.
You may be surprised to learn that with the ubiquitous nature of personal PCs and networked systems, supercomputers are still used in various operations.
In the next few minutes, I will tell you about supercomputers and how they still work in many industrial and scientific fields.
What is a Supercomputer?
A supercomputer is a computer that is one of the most powerful, fastest systems in the world at any given point in time.
For example, the first supercomputer was in the UK, named Colossus. It was designed to read messages and crack German codes during the Second World War, and it could read 5,000 characters in a second.
It sounds impressive, doesn’t it? Colossus was considered very powerful at the time, but if you compare it to the NASA Columbia supercomputer which completes 42 million operations per second, it sounds very childish.
In other words, the capacitance of what used to be a supercomputer is now less than your mobile, and what we currently call supercomputers is as advanced as other computers can be.
However, there are some things that make the computer branch in the “super” sector. It usually consists of more than one Central Processing Unit (CPU), which allows the computer to perform rapid circuit switching and complete more tasks at once. (Because of this, a supercomputer will also have a large amount of storage so that it can access multiple tasks at a time.) It will also have the ability to perform vector arithmetic, which means that it can list multiple operations at once. Can calculate
Computing performance of a “supercomputer” is much higher than that of a general purpose computer. The computing performance of a supercomputer is measured in FLOPS (Floating-Point Operations Per Second) rather than MIPS.
Supercomputers have thousands of processors that can do billions and trillions of calculations per second, or you could say that supercomputers can reach about 400 quadrillion FLOPS.
They have evolved from grids of parallel parallax computing to cluster systems. Cluster system computing means that the machine uses multiple processors in a system instead of arrays of individual computers in the network.
These computers are the largest in size. A most powerful supercomputer can grow from a few feet to hundreds of feet. Supercomputers also cost a lot, and can cost from $ 2 million to $ 100 million.
How Does a Supercomputer Work?
The need of supercomputers is used for scientific and engineering experiments which require calculation of very high database and high level calculations.
Supercomputers are very fast, powerful and expensive. That is why it is used only where there is a need for very large and fast calculations.
Apart from this, it is also used in special operations, because special operations are very short of time, they have to work more in less time.
What Do supercomputers Do?
Let me tell you in detail where super computer is used.
Functions of Supercomputer:
- Climate Research
- Weather forecasting
- Physical Simulations
- Code Breaking
- Genetic Analysis
- Animated Graphics
- Quantum Mechanics
- Molecular Modeling
- Oil and Gas Exploration
- Fluid Dynamic Calculations
- Nuclear Energy Research
Advantages of Supercomputers
- It is able to solve the biggest problems and problems in a pinch.
- It can also save a lot of your assets.
- You can also do virtual testing with it.
Disability of Supercomputers
- This can be very expensive.
- It uses a lot of space.
- This can only work for select tasks.
- Very skilled craftsmen are required.
- It costs a lot to repair it.